Is “Death with Dignity” Really Possible?

November 30, 2021 by Ronald W. Pies, MD for the Psychiatric Times.

Has this slogan crowded out the importance of life with dignity?

…”over the past several decades, death with dignity has become a kind of battle cry. Owing to the lobbying and proselytizing efforts of groups promoting physician-assisted suicide—euphemistically called, “medical aid in dying”—the phrase, death with dignity, has become nearly synonymous with the deliberate ingestion of lethal drugs, prescribed for people with terminal illnesses.2 In the marketplace of ideas, other modes of dignity in dying—and more importantly, in living—have been crowded out.”

Hearings News

H2381 – Poole Testimony Oct 1, 2021

Download Poole Testimony H2381 2021-10-01.pdf or read below.

My name is Ruthie Poole, and I am the president of M-POWER, a statewide group made up of people with lived experience of mental health diagnosis, trauma, and addiction.

As people with psychiatric disabilities, M-POWER members feel passionately about the right to self-determination. However, that is not what this bill is about.

It is not uncommon for people with disabilities and elders who may not be physically well to feel like they’re a burden on their families. Prescribing doctors in Oregon last year reported that more than half of program suicides felt like a burden on family, friends, or caregivers. Sadly, if physician assisted suicide were to become law in Massachusetts, some people may be coerced, either subtly or more obviously, by their families to agree to this.

The bills have a provision requiring people requesting assisted suicide to have a counseling appointment to determine that the person “is capable and not suffering from a psychiatric or psychological disorder or depression causing impaired judgment.”

Historically, people with psychiatric diagnoses have been subjected to all forms of legal and extra-legal coercion, often abetted by these same professionals. Gatekeeping professionals continue to underestimate our capabilities and block us from living our own lives. Based on these experiences, we cannot trust that counselors will have our best interests in mind when evaluating our motives for requesting assisted suicide.

At the same time, people in the midst of a severe depression can usually present as “unimpaired,” especially in a single meeting with an unknown counselor.

Those of us in M-POWER know that depression is insidious. We know that depression does impair judgment. As a therapist once told me, depression does not cause black and white thinking; it causes black and blacker thinking. Absolute hopelessness and seeing no way out are common feelings for those of us who have experienced severe depression. Personally, as someone who has been suicidal in the past, I can relate to the desire for “a painless and easy way out.” However, depression is treatable and reversible. Suicide is not.

We applaud the Joint Committee on Public Health and legislators who have worked to expand funding for suicide prevention efforts. Passing this bill would be a slap in the face of those efforts. Suicide contagion is real. Any assisted suicide program will send the message to people in mental distress – old, young, physically ill or not – that suicide is a reasonable answer to life’s problems.  It isn’t.

We urge you to give this bill an “ought not to pass.”

Thank you.

Hearings News

H2381 – Daly Testimony Oct 1, 2021

Download Daly Testimony H2381 2021-10-01.pdf or read below.

Eighteen months ago, if you’d asked me if I supported a doctor assisted suicide bill I would have answered, sure, why not, choice is good. And I would have believed that I could control whether I opt in or not. 

Since then, I’ve put two and two together and found that an assisted suicide bill does not add up to a choice I can live with. In fact, if the bill is passed, and the trend continues, the odds of my dying prematurely and without my consent are surprisingly high. 

My disability puts me into a category of people who are systematically marginalized by the healthcare system. I share this realm with many poor, elderly, and people of color. I experience inequities in the form of inaccessible exam tables, mammography equipment and weight scales, and discriminatory practices such as when I broke my femur my doctor told me he wouldn’t bother operating because “I don’t walk anymore”; when I didn’t get weighed at my oncologist’s office even though there was a big sign posted on the office wall that read “All patients must be weighed”; I also wasn’t weighed before receiving nine months of chemotherapy even though dosage is determined partially by a patient’s weight. Is this in line with the Hippocratic oath? Take a look at our Crisis Standards of Care to see what’s on the minds of our healthcare industry today.

What does it say when Mass General Hospital, the number 5 rated hospital in the country, after 20 years is still not fully ADA compliant? What does it say about our American culture when it fails to soothe our fears of being left out, not considered, essentially not worth the trouble? 

People have always been afraid of disability and the “perceived” loss of dignity that comes with it. In fact, loss of dignity polls as the number one reason for wanting assisted suicide legalized. If loss of dignity means having to lean on a family member or a home health care worker for eating, bathing, and toileting, if it means being inconvenienced and ashamed by incontinence or memory loss, well then at least all of humanity is in the same boat and we can look forward to losing our dignity together because the very act of living means we are aging, our bodies are breaking down and at some point we will be in the need of care from others. 

You could say we are all becoming more disabled with each passing day. Maybe we should think about normalizing aging and disability by reevaluating the meaning of the term “loss of dignity.” We could embrace those in need of care by extending access to health and palliative care. We could focus in on easing the inevitability of becoming frail in order to rid people of their guilt of being a burden so they won’t conclude that their best option is to be dead. Many doctors discriminate based on their own fears of being in the need of others and we have proof that they can foist those beliefs onto their patients and patient’s families both overtly and surreptitiously. In other words, the decision to die is not actually ever just the patient’s decision. There is always a doctor involved.

Are we going to allow a false notion of upholding dignity push us to the brink of suicide? Are we serving the greater good by granting doctors, whom we might not even know, the right to decide if a life meets their matrix for saving? I believe that doctors should never be in the business of deciding who they will let die. Never, ever. There are plenty of ways of dying in this world without our doctors’ encouragement. Our doctors should remain cleanly on that side of this argument. 

Thank you,

Pamela Daly  Charlestown, MA

Hearings News

H2381 – Cameron Testimony Oct 1, 2021

Download Cameron Testimony H2381 2021-10-01.pdf or read below.

I’m Anita Cameron, Director of Minority Outreach for Not Dead Yet, a national disability rights organization opposed to medical discrimination, healthcare rationing, euthanasia and doctor assisted suicide.

H.2381/S.1384 is dangerous because though these laws are supposed to be for people with six months or less to live, doctors are sometimes wrong about a terminal diagnosis. My mother, while living in Washington state, was determined to be at the end stage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. I was told her death was imminent, that if I wanted to see her alive, I should get there in two days. She rallied, but was still quite ill, so she was placed in hospice. Her doctor said that her body had begun the process of dying.

Though she survived 6 months of hospice, her doctor convinced her that her body was still in the process of dying, and she moved home to Colorado to die.

My mum didn’t die. She became active in her community and lived almost 12 years!

H.2381/S.1384 will put sick people, seniors and disabled people, especially, at risk due to the view of doctors that disabled people have a lower quality of life, therefore leading them to devalue our lives. Now add race and racial disparities in healthcare to this. Blacks, in particular, receive inferior health care compared to whites in the areas of cardiac care, diabetes, cancer and pain management.

As a Black Latina, I didn’t see assisted suicide as part of my culture. This is borne out in a 2013 Pew study that shows Blacks and Latinos are 65% opposed to doctor assisted suicide and in states where it’s legal, rarely use the program. Doctor assisted suicide proponents tend to be white professional and managerial class folks.

What’s especially dangerous is that in states where it’s legal, if you lose access to healthcare, turning your chronic condition into a terminal one, you can request assisted suicide. It’ll be cheaper to kill you than to care for you.

As long as disability discrimination and racial disparities in healthcare exist, assisted suicide laws like H.2381/S.1384 have no place in Massachusetts. Please vote no on H.2381/S.1384.

Hearings News

H2381 – Leigh Testimony Oct 1, 2021

Download Leigh Testimony H2381 2021-10-01.pdf or read below.

When I first heard about this type of legislation, I was all for it. It seemed like an option that I would want for myself or loved ones. But as I studied this issue, the more I learned, the more I realized that there were just too many inequities and risks to vulnerable people. I developed second thoughts. I urge all of you to keep an open mind and really look, look hard at the facts of assisted suicide.

I am sure that you want MA policies to work in the best interest of everyone. Before I became disabled, I was a member of the group that advocates for this — the white, well-educated, and well-off. Now that I am a member of the marginalized, I see things very differently. I recognize
the need for the common good. When two-thirds of communities of color are opposed, as well as those of the working class and low-income, and major disability rights organizations, then attention must be paid to this opposition. I am here to say that the interests of a small number
of people who want this option should not outweigh the many people whose lives will be impacted, people like me, people with disabilities. I am part of a community that often doesn’t get considered. We get left out, not included, not even thought of. Except to be used as an example of what it is to live without dignity — to be in a wheelchair, incontinent, dependent on others for care. The presumption that one could not possibly have quality of life. That is a fate worse even than death. And that is false.

These are judgments made by people that result in existential fears about what will happen when they age, become sick, and disabled. This devaluation of life, based on an ageist and ableist view of some perfect checklist of functional abilities, is what lies at the heart of this type of legislation. This is what makes people feel like a burden, that we ought to check out, rather than live out our lives.

I co-led a series on End-of-Life issues at my church and was struck by how many of these good-hearted people, who care about social justice, were filled with worry that they would be a “burden” on their loved ones if they couldn’t completely take care of themselves, as they aged or became sick. Or in other words, became disabled. They didn’t want to “take away” money from their family, or ask for help in taking care of themselves. They didn’t want to be “humiliated” and couldn’t imagine how life would be “worth living”. I hope that my presence, as a wheelchair user who does require care, and has a good quality of life, helped remind them that we are all interdependent at different times and in different ways. And this does not lessen the inherent worth and dignity of our lives.

Instead of assisting people in dying, let’s provide medical assistance in living. Let’s meet the real needs of people who are dying, aging, and are disabled. Let’s offer real choices in treatment and palliative care. Let’s provide home and community based care, not an unsafe, miserable life in a nursing home that people fear (and rightly so, as 40% of the Covid deaths
occured before the vaccine). Let’s correct health inequities and level the playing field in healthcare, not discriminate against people, deny treatment, and then offer assisted suicide. I recall a time when I was severely ill with septic shock and I was questioned whether I would want life support. Why wouldn’t I want to live? Did the wheelchair alongside me in the Emergency Room influence how people viewed me and my quality of life?

And let’s stop pretending that elders and the disabled are not at risk of abuse. Or that there are adequate safeguards. Or that this is always a peaceful death. Let’s stop the euphemisms. This is suicide. This is not dignity.

Dignity means that people are worthy of respect. Everyone that needs care, at the end of life or throughout their life, deserves that care. Not demoralized for needing care. Or a social pressure to die. Imagine how wearing it is to constantly have to justify one’s existence, to prove that your life is worth living. Legalizing assisted suicide sends the wrong message to people with disabilities —that we are better off dead. People with disabilities, like those confronting terminal illnesses, deserve real compassion, not a hastened death.

Codifying this into law is sanctioning assisted suicide, and a way of promoting it. This is a socially dangerous policy, no matter how well-intentioned. Safeguards are simply not practical. How will they be implemented? Paid for? There will be no realistic way that this will be monitored, just as this does not happen in other states.

The Covid-19 pandemic has caused tremendous loss and tragedy. The majority of those killed were people with disabilities, not just by the virus but by biased responses to people with disabilities, such as forced DNR’s and denial of treatment. The initial Crisis Standards of Care for our state would have placed people with disabilities at the back of the line for treatment. Ableism can and has led to death for people with disabilities. And this bill will threaten their lives, no matter how well intentioned.

Please, this committee must not now focus on making death more accessible. This is not the time to move this socially dangerous policy forward. Massachusetts will be less safe for individuals with disabilities if assisted suicide is legalized, and that is not the compassionate and inclusive state we aspire to be. I urge this committee to vote no on assisted suicide.

Thank you,
Ellen Leigh
Arlington, MA
Second Thoughts Massachusetts

Hearings News

H2381 – Kelly Testimony Oct 1, 2021

Download Kelly Testimony H2381 2021-10-01.pdf or read below.

Thank you. Everyone knows that doctors make mistakes, and studies show that 12 to 15 percent of people outlive the six-month hospice benefit for supposedly terminal people. But this year Oregon revealed that only 4 percent of its program participants have lived past six months. This suggests that a substantial number, up to one in 10!, ended their lives prematurely because they trusted their terminal diagnosis. For someone who barely escaped a terminal MISdiagnosis with their life, see the 2011 Boston Globe letter by Jeanette Hall. No one would tolerate any other elective, so-called “medical practice” this deadly.

The 2012 ballot question on assisted suicide shows a class and race/ethnic divide: wealthier towns in favor, more working-class towns, both white and of color, against. Brookline 67% in favor, heavily Latinx Lawrence 69% against. Black and Latinx people have long opposed assisted suicide by more than 2 to 1, and often have a well-earned mistrust of the medical system. These laws make dominant the outlook of a professional class obsessed with individual achievement, autonomy, and status – thus the constant use of the word “dignity,” over the worldview of a working-class that relies on a family support system, connection, and reverence for elders. By undermining the value placed on old, ill, and disabled people, these laws promote writing off people as having too low a quality-of-life.

I would like to point to the overwhelming oppression of people living with disabilities. Mainstream reactions to the death toll of COVID-19 were filled with reassurances like “only old and fragile people are dying, we don’t need to worry.”

People like me serve as examples of better dead than disabled in movies like “Me Before You,” “Whose Life Is It Anyway?,” and “The Sea Inside.”

The Oregon reports show that assisted suicide isn’t about physical pain, it’s about escaping the “existential distress” that some people experience over depending on others, of feeling undignified and like a burden, of being incontinent. As leading purveyor of assisted suicide Lonny Shavelson told the Washington Post in 2016, “It’s almost never about pain. It’s about dignity and control.” Shavelson should know, he is the chair of the newly formed American Clinicians Academy on Medical Aid in Dying.

As someone paralyzed below the shoulders, I am terrified of the prospect of a state law sponsoring people’s suicides as rational responses to disability.  Massachusetts should instead fully fund home care and provide world-class palliative care. Equality under the law depends on it.

Articles Referenced

Jeanette Hall, “She pushed for legal right to die, and – thankfully – was rebuffed,” letter to the editor, Boston Globe, October 4, 2011.

“Existential Distress” Madeleine Li, et al, “Medical Assistance in Dying — Implementing a Hospital-Based Program in Canada,” N Engl J Med 2017; 376:2082-2088.

Quotes from Lonny Shavelson and Ira Byock – Liz Szabo, “Death with dignity laws and the desire to control how one’s life ends,” Washington Post, October 24, 2016.

MA News News

Globe – Push for assisted suicide raises questions over disability rights

Please read John Kelly’s printed letter to the Boston Globe in response to other letters. You can:

John Kelly letter to the Boston globe

Push for assisted suicide raises questions over disability rights

September 7, 2021

In response to an essay on the Victorian fantasy of a peaceful death, two letter writers (“Beyond the fantasy of a gentle death,” Aug. 29) called on the state Legislature to pass the proposed assisted suicide bill.

Paula Bacon and Molly DeHaas Walsh describe the circumstances of difficult deaths and believe that assisted suicide would bring them control, choice, and dignity when their pain and suffering become unbearable.

But when doctors misdiagnose people as terminal, the possibility of real choice disappears. Studies show that 12 percent to 15 percent of people outlive hospice, but in Oregon, with its Death With Dignity Act, only about 4 percent of people have lived past six months. This suggests that as many as 1 in 10 people ended their life prematurely. No one would tolerate any other elective treatment this deadly.

The Oregon reports show that the main “end-of-life concerns” stem not from physical pain but from “existential distress” over the disabling aspects of serious illness, such as dependence, status loss (“dignity”), incontinence, and feeling like a burden on others.

As someone paralyzed below the shoulders, I am terrified of the prospect of a state law sponsoring people’s suicides as rational responses to disability. Massachusetts should instead fully fund home care and provide world-class palliative care. Equality under the law depends on it.

John B. Kelly, Boston

The writer is director of the disability rights group Second Thoughts MA, which opposes the legalization of assisted suicide.

MA News News

MA Bills Filed

March 2021: Identical House and Senate bills have been filed to legalize physician assisted suicide. The status of the bills are that they have been referred to the Joint Committee on Public Health. The bills already have a significant number of legislator supporters. Conventional wisdom says that not much will happen until after the budget is complete, however, everyone is encouraged to share your opposition with your legislators early and often!

An Act relative to end of life options

Please read the entire bill, which include many more sections than shown below. For instance, do you agree with Section 14(e): “(e) State regulations, documents and reports shall not refer to the practice of aid in dying under this chapter as “suicide” or “assisted suicide.””?

Excerpts from the bills

Section 2:

  • (a) A patient wishing to receive a prescription for medication under this chapter shall make an oral request to the patient’s attending physician. No less than 15 days after making the request the patient shall submit a written request to the patient’s attending physician in substantially the form set in section 4.
  • (b)A terminally ill patient may voluntarily make an oral request for aid in dying and a prescription for medication that the patient can choose to self-administer to bring about a peaceful death if the patient:
    • (1) is a capable adult;
    • (2) is a resident of Massachusetts; and
    • (3) has been determined by the patient’s attending physician to be terminally ill.
  • (c) A patient may provide a written request for aid in dying and a prescription for medication that the patient can choose to self-administer to bring about a peaceful death if the patient:
    • (1) has met the requirements in subsection (b);
    • (2) has been determined by a consulting physician to be terminally ill;
    • (3) has been approved by a licensed mental health professional; and
    • (4) has had no less than 15 days pass after making the oral request.
  • (d) A patient shall not qualify under this chapter if the patient has a guardian.
  • (e) A patient shall not qualify under this chapter solely because of age or disability.

Section 3.

  • (a) A valid written request must be witnessed by at least two individuals who, in the presence of the patient, attest that to the best of their knowledge and belief that patient is:
    • (1) personally known to the witnesses or has provided proof of identity;
    • (2) acting voluntarily; and
    • (3) not being coerced to sign the request.
  • (b) At least one of the witnesses shall be an individual who is not:
    • (1) a relative of the patient by blood, marriage, or adoption;
    • (2) an individual who at the time the request is signed would be entitled to any portion of the estate of the qualified patient upon death under any will or by operation of law;
    • (3) financially responsible for the medical care of the patient; or
    • (4) an owner, operator, or employee of a health care facility where the qualified patient is receiving medical treatment or is a resident.
  • (d) The patient’s attending physician at the time the request is signed shall not serve as a witness.
  • (e) If the patient is a patient in a long-term care facility at the time the written request is made, one of the witnesses shall be an individual designated by the facility.


I,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , am an adult of sound mind and a resident of the State of Massachusetts. I am suffering from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , which my attending physician has determined is a terminal illness or condition which can reasonably be expected to cause death within 6 months. This diagnosis has been medically confirmed as required by law.

I have been fully informed of my diagnosis, prognosis, the nature of the aid in dying medication to be prescribed and potential associated risks, the expected result, and the feasible alternatives and additional treatment opportunities, including comfort care, hospice care, and pain control.

I request that my attending physician prescribe aid in dying medication that will end my life in a peaceful manner if I choose to take it, and I authorize my attending physician to contact any pharmacist to fill the prescription.

I understand that I have the right to rescind this request at any time. I understand the full import of this request and I expect to die if I take the aid in dying medication to be prescribed. I further understand that although most deaths occur within three hours, my death may take longer and my physician has counseled me about this possibility. I make this request voluntarily, without reservation, and without being coerced, and I accept full responsibility for my actions.


NM Assisted Suicide Law

Newsweek published this piece written by the Patients Rights Action Fund Executive Director, Matt Valliere, on the flaws in the New Mexico assisted suicide law. Below are excerpts – read the entire article at

“In the midst of a pandemic, the New Mexico state legislature ignored the needs of its constituents—many of whom lack basics like reliable electricity and running water, never mind basic medical care—in favor of passing a dangerous and discriminatory assisted suicide law. This and similar policies in other states have proven the failure of proponents to safeguard the people most susceptible to abuse, mistakes and coercion….

The New Mexico legislature had a critical chance to address the glaring issues in our health care system that the pandemic exposed. They could have increased access and education for patients, training in palliative and hospice care for medical professionals, expanded home health and personal care aid or family caregiver relief. Equal access to the gold standard of care should be top priority in both policy and medicine. Giving medical professionals immunity to assist in their patients’ suicide not only fails to address any of the system’s problems, but exacerbates the current disparities. The rest of us can avoid making the same mistake in other states by rejecting dangerous and discriminatory assisted suicide laws.”

History News

2012 Voting Stats

2012 Massachusetts Ballot Question 2 on physician assisted suicide, voting results by town.

Summary: Should a doctor be legally allowed to prescribe medication, at a terminally ill patient’s request, to end that patient’s life?


“Difference” measures percent difference between no and yes votes.

TownsPrecinctsYesNoTotal votesYes %No %Difference
Abington5 of 53,6004,3777,97745.1%54.9%9.7%
Acton6 of 65,8195,00510,82453.8%46.2%-7.5%
Acushnet3 of 31,8603,2045,06436.7%63.3%26.5%
Adams5 of 51,9281,8643,79250.8%49.2%-1.7%
Agawam8 of 86,0887,80113,88943.8%56.2%12.3%
Alford1 of 12316129279.1%20.9%-58.2%
Amesbury6 of 64,5263,6608,18655.3%44.7%-10.6%
Amherst10 of 1010,4313,98914,42072.3%27.7%-44.7%
Andover11 of 119,2568,84218,09851.1%48.9%-2.3%
Aquinnah1 of 12048428870.8%29.2%-41.7%
Arlington21 of 2114,35210,64825,00057.4%42.6%-14.8%
Ashburnham1 of 11,6211,4893,11052.1%47.9%-4.2%
Ashby1 of 19348641,79851.9%48.1%-3.9%
Ashfield1 of 18022881,09073.6%26.4%-47.2%
Ashland5 of 54,4103,8798,28953.2%46.8%-6.4%
Athol3 of 32,2392,3594,59848.7%51.3%2.6%
Attleboro12 of 128,4699,69618,16546.6%53.4%6.8%
Auburn5 of 53,8244,6948,51844.9%55.1%10.2%
Avon1 of 19913441,33574.2%25.8%-48.5%
Ayer2 of 21,7441,7873,53149.4%50.6%1.2%
Barnstable13 of 1311,93412,60624,54048.6%51.4%2.7%
Barre2 of 21,3281,3402,66849.8%50.2%0.4%
Becket1 of 168625193773.2%26.8%-46.4%
Bedford4 of 44,1503,2317,38156.2%43.8%-12.5%
Belchertown4 of 43,8963,5107,40652.6%47.4%-5.2%
Bellingham6 of 63,8734,4028,27546.8%53.2%6.4%
Belmont8 of 87,6225,85313,47556.6%43.4%-13.1%
Berkley2 of 21,5281,6893,21747.5%52.5%5.0%
Berlin1 of 19488191,76753.7%46.3%-7.3%
Bernardston1 of 16374841,12156.8%43.2%-13.6%
Beverly12 of 129,89310,25320,14649.1%50.9%1.8%
Billerica11 of 118,94610,64719,59345.7%54.3%8.7%
Blackstone3 of 31,9532,2504,20346.5%53.5%7.1%
Blandford1 of 135529865354.4%45.6%-8.7%
Bolton1 of 11,6811,3313,01255.8%44.2%-11.6%
Boston254 of 254111,852107,377219,22951.0%49.0%-2.0%
Bourne7 of 74,8135,0679,88048.7%51.3%2.6%
Boxborough1 of 11,6571,1912,84858.2%41.8%-16.4%
Boxford3 of 32,7582,2915,04954.6%45.4%-9.2%
Boylston1 of 11,3411,2602,60151.6%48.4%-3.1%
Braintree12 of 127,82510,90718,73241.8%58.2%16.5%
Brewster3 of 33,4182,8566,27454.5%45.5%-9.0%
Bridgewater7 of 75,2556,38511,64045.1%54.9%9.7%
Brimfield1 of 19751,0392,01448.4%51.6%3.2%
Brockton28 of 2811,30519,91131,21636.2%63.8%27.6%
Brookfield1 of 18498241,67350.7%49.3%-1.5%
Brookline16 of 1617,8048,88326,68766.7%33.3%-33.4%
Buckland1 of 16363751,01162.9%37.1%-25.8%
Burlington7 of 75,4987,39012,88842.7%57.3%14.7%
Cambridge34 of 3430,90914,63945,54867.9%32.1%-35.7%
Canton6 of 65,6406,36712,00747.0%53.0%6.1%
Carlisle1 of 12,0971,1763,27364.1%35.9%-28.1%
Carver3 of 32,7713,1725,94346.6%53.4%6.7%
Charlemont1 of 138723161862.6%37.4%-25.2%
Charlton4 of 43,0573,4846,54146.7%53.3%6.5%
Chatham1 of 12,4012,0464,44754.0%46.0%-8.0%
Chelmsford9 of 98,84610,09118,93746.7%53.3%6.6%
Chelsea16 of 162,8474,2527,09940.1%59.9%19.8%
Cheshire1 of 19287791,70754.4%45.6%-8.7%
Chester1 of 134331365652.3%47.7%-4.6%
Chesterfield1 of 146824070866.1%33.9%-32.2%
Chicopee20 of 208,80013,53222,33239.4%60.6%21.2%
Chilmark1 of 154215469677.9%22.1%-55.7%
Clarksburg1 of 140843684448.3%51.7%3.3%
Clinton4 of 42,5023,3375,83942.8%57.2%14.3%
Cohasset2 of 22,3582,3644,72249.9%50.1%0.1%
Colrain1 of 154032386362.6%37.4%-25.1%
Concord5 of 56,5694,03610,60561.9%38.1%-23.9%
Conway1 of 18793521,23171.4%28.6%-42.8%
Cummington1 of 137314752071.7%28.3%-43.5%
Dalton2 of 21,6731,6393,31250.5%49.5%-1.0%
Danvers8 of 86,4357,80914,24445.2%54.8%9.6%
Dartmouth9 of 96,9008,63815,53844.4%55.6%11.2%
Dedham7 of 76,0266,95512,98146.4%53.6%7.2%
Deerfield1 of 11,7511,1882,93959.6%40.4%-19.2%
Dennis5 of 54,2614,6528,91347.8%52.2%4.4%
Dighton2 of 21,5521,9803,53243.9%56.1%12.1%
Douglas3 of 32,1882,2334,42149.5%50.5%1.0%
Dover1 of 11,9261,5483,47455.4%44.6%-10.9%
Dracut10 of 106,1308,36214,49242.3%57.7%15.4%
Dudley3 of 32,1272,8755,00242.5%57.5%15.0%
Dunstable1 of 11,0308141,84455.9%44.1%-11.7%
Duxbury5 of 63,8214,0837,90448.3%51.7%3.3%
East Bridgewater4 of 43,3313,8017,13246.7%53.3%6.6%
East Brookfield1 of 14906451,13543.2%56.8%13.7%
Eastham1 of 11,9681,6393,60754.6%45.4%-9.1%
Easthampton5 of 54,9753,8298,80456.5%43.5%-13.0%
East Longmeadow4 of 43,5794,7238,30243.1%56.9%13.8%
Easton6 of 65,4026,12411,52646.9%53.1%6.3%
Edgartown1 of 11,5139222,43562.1%37.9%-24.3%
Egremont1 of 162117879977.7%22.3%-55.4%
Erving1 of 138536775251.2%48.8%-2.4%
Essex1 of 11,2408722,11258.7%41.3%-17.4%
Everett12 of 124,5297,35511,88438.1%61.9%23.8%
Fairhaven6 of 63,6634,2407,90346.3%53.7%7.3%
Fall River29 of 299,96917,07027,03936.9%63.1%26.3%
Falmouth9 of 99,9418,86918,81052.8%47.2%-5.7%
Fitchburg12 of 125,7007,97513,67541.7%58.3%16.6%
Florida1 of 121315436758.0%42.0%-16.1%
Foxborough5 of 54,4265,0379,46346.8%53.2%6.5%
Framingham18 of 1813,44713,15326,60050.6%49.4%-1.1%
Franklin8 of 87,9588,91216,87047.2%52.8%5.7%
Freetown3 of 32,1242,4154,53946.8%53.2%6.4%
Gardner10 of 103,3154,6357,95041.7%58.3%16.6%
Georgetown3 of 32,4012,4034,80450.0%50.0%0.0%
Gill1 of 155330385664.6%35.4%-29.2%
Gloucester10 of 108,0066,76014,76654.2%45.8%-8.4%
Goshen1 of 137622660262.5%37.5%-24.9%
Gosnold1 of 160248471.4%28.6%-42.9%
Grafton5 of 54,5484,7449,29248.9%51.1%2.1%
Granby2 of 21,6761,7643,44048.7%51.3%2.6%
Granville1 of 145540085553.2%46.8%-6.4%
Great Barrington4 of 42,2701,1643,43466.1%33.9%-32.2%
Greenfield9 of 94,8383,2878,12559.5%40.5%-19.1%
Groton3 of 33,4042,5385,94257.3%42.7%-14.6%
Groveland2 of 21,9591,9333,89250.3%49.7%-0.7%
Hadley1 of 11,6901,2622,95257.2%42.8%-14.5%
Halifax2 of 21,8292,1253,95446.3%53.7%7.5%
Hamilton3 of 32,2382,1174,35551.4%48.6%-2.8%
Hampden1 of 11,2481,5562,80444.5%55.5%11.0%
Hancock1 of 125711036770.0%30.0%-40.1%
Hanover4 of 43,3634,7128,07541.6%58.4%16.7%
Hanson3 of 32,5072,9785,48545.7%54.3%8.6%
Hardwick1 of 16916081,29953.2%46.8%-6.4%
Harvard1 of 12,2271,2843,51163.4%36.6%-26.9%
Harwich4 of 43,9973,8747,87150.8%49.2%-1.6%
Hatfield1 of 11,1348692,00356.6%43.4%-13.2%
Haverhill21 of 2112,27314,28426,55746.2%53.8%7.6%
Hawley1 of 11197519461.3%38.7%-22.7%
Heath1 of 124218142357.2%42.8%-14.4%
Hingham7 of 76,5837,15613,73947.9%52.1%4.2%
Hinsdale1 of 16353861,02162.2%37.8%-24.4%
Holbrook4 of 42,1783,0695,24741.5%58.5%17.0%
Holden5 of 54,7055,55610,26145.9%54.1%8.3%
Holland1 of 16586081,26652.0%48.0%-3.9%
Holliston4 of 44,0434,0158,05850.2%49.8%-0.3%
Holyoke14 of 145,6608,95714,61738.7%61.3%22.6%
Hopedale1 of 11,5061,6893,19547.1%52.9%5.7%
Hopkinton4 of 44,4563,9618,41752.9%47.1%-5.9%
Hubbardston1 of 11,2481,2532,50149.9%50.1%0.2%
Hudson7 of 74,7734,9649,73749.0%51.0%2.0%
Hull3 of 33,1972,6825,87954.4%45.6%-8.8%
Huntington1 of 15695161,08552.4%47.6%-4.9%
Ipswich4 of 44,4553,6608,11554.9%45.1%-9.8%
Kingston4 of 43,1963,6196,81546.9%53.1%6.2%
Lakeville3 of 32,7102,9605,67047.8%52.2%4.4%
Lancaster2 of 21,6501,9713,62145.6%54.4%8.9%
Lanesborough1 of 11,0165351,55165.5%34.5%-31.0%
Lawrence24 of 245,23111,89017,12130.6%69.4%38.9%
Lee1 of 11,5011,3182,81953.2%46.8%-6.5%
Leicester4 of 42,3513,0505,40143.5%56.5%12.9%
Lenox1 of 11,7311,1402,87160.3%39.7%-20.6%
Leominster15 of 157,56910,33117,90042.3%57.7%15.4%
Leverett1 of 19302591,18978.2%21.8%-56.4%
Lexington9 of 910,8366,70217,53861.8%38.2%-23.6%
Leyden1 of 131613044670.9%29.1%-41.7%
Lincoln2 of 22,3441,2203,56465.8%34.2%-31.5%
Littleton3 of 3000#DIV/0!#DIV/0!#DIV/0!
Longmeadow5 of 54,6624,4999,16150.9%49.1%-1.8%
Lowell33 of 3312,46816,97229,44042.4%57.6%15.3%
Ludlow6 of 63,6005,6399,23939.0%61.0%22.1%
Lunenburg4 of 42,8142,9425,75648.9%51.1%2.2%
Lynn28 of 2811,74517,06828,81340.8%59.2%18.5%
Lynnfield4 of 43,1013,8726,97344.5%55.5%11.1%
Malden16 of 168,39910,84619,24543.6%56.4%12.7%
Manchester1 of 11,9471,4543,40157.2%42.8%-14.5%
Mansfield6 of 65,6275,96311,59048.6%51.4%2.9%
Marblehead6 of 67,0445,02612,07058.4%41.6%-16.7%
Marion1 of 1000#DIV/0!#DIV/0!#DIV/0!
Marlborough14 of 147,7588,15715,91548.7%51.3%2.5%
Marshfield7 of 76,8657,85414,71946.6%53.4%6.7%
Mashpee5 of 53,8294,2468,07547.4%52.6%5.2%
Mattapoisett1 of 11,9661,8953,86150.9%49.1%-1.8%
Maynard4 of 43,0512,5785,62954.2%45.8%-8.4%
Medfield4 of 43,4433,6937,13648.2%51.8%3.5%
Medford16 of 1612,58813,44526,03348.4%51.6%3.3%
Medway4 of 43,3873,6036,99048.5%51.5%3.1%
Melrose14 of 147,2817,53614,81749.1%50.9%1.7%
Mendon1 of 11,7071,6633,37050.7%49.3%-1.3%
Merrimac2 of 21,8131,6763,48952.0%48.0%-3.9%
Methuen12 of 128,09512,50420,59939.3%60.7%21.4%
Middleborough6 of 65,3025,71411,01648.1%51.9%3.7%
Middlefield1 of 11999329268.2%31.8%-36.3%
Middleton2 of 22,1722,3524,52448.0%52.0%4.0%
Milford8 of 85,4606,96312,42344.0%56.0%12.1%
Millbury4 of 43,0183,5896,60745.7%54.3%8.6%
Millis3 of 32,3592,2884,64750.8%49.2%-1.5%
Millville1 of 17427871,52948.5%51.5%2.9%
Milton10 of 106,6398,62815,26743.5%56.5%13.0%
Monroe1 of 126245052.0%48.0%-4.0%
Monson3 of 32,1192,0554,17450.8%49.2%-1.5%
Montague6 of 62,4831,6264,10960.4%39.6%-20.9%
Monterey1 of 137412850274.5%25.5%-49.0%
Montgomery1 of 127522249755.3%44.7%-10.7%
Mount Washington1 of 1871510285.3%14.7%-70.6%
Nahant1 of 11,1881,0412,22953.3%46.7%-6.6%
Nantucket1 of 13,8012,0295,83065.2%34.8%-30.4%
Natick10 of 109,7748,45118,22553.6%46.4%-7.3%
Needham10 of 108,5737,59516,16853.0%47.0%-6.0%
New Ashford1 of 11203115179.5%20.5%-58.9%
New Bedford36 of 3611,59619,33230,92837.5%62.5%25.0%
New Braintree1 of 129025854852.9%47.1%-5.8%
Newbury2 of 22,5551,8204,37558.4%41.6%-16.8%
Newburyport7 of 76,3824,26210,64460.0%40.0%-19.9%
New Marlborough1 of 160121781873.5%26.5%-46.9%
New Salem1 of 138519958465.9%34.1%-31.8%
Newton32 of 3226,84915,89342,74262.8%37.2%-25.6%
Norfolk3 of 32,7842,7995,58349.9%50.1%0.3%
North Adams5 of 52,8982,5315,42953.4%46.6%-6.8%
Northampton14 of 1411,0204,06315,08373.1%26.9%-46.1%
North Andover8 of 86,7637,97314,73645.9%54.1%8.2%
North Attleborough9 of 96,4087,44913,85746.2%53.8%7.5%
Northborough4 of 44,0614,0848,14549.9%50.1%0.3%
Northbridge4 of 43,1234,2977,42042.1%57.9%15.8%
North Brookfield1 of 11,0451,2872,33244.8%55.2%10.4%
Northfield1 of 19376591,59658.7%41.3%-17.4%
North Reading4 of 43,7994,7428,54144.5%55.5%11.0%
Norton5 of 54,2674,5888,85548.2%51.8%3.6%
Norwell3 of 32,9773,3146,29147.3%52.7%5.4%
Norwood9 of 95,8358,16213,99741.7%58.3%16.6%
Oak Bluffs1 of 11,6451,0102,65562.0%38.0%-23.9%
Oakham1 of 15615681,12949.7%50.3%0.6%
Orange2 of 21,6271,4973,12452.1%47.9%-4.2%
Orleans1 of 12,4621,8844,34656.6%43.4%-13.3%
Otis1 of 152728080765.3%34.7%-30.6%
Oxford4 of 42,7523,6406,39243.1%56.9%13.9%
Palmer5 of 52,3253,1185,44342.7%57.3%14.6%
Paxton1 of 11,1851,3042,48947.6%52.4%4.8%
Peabody19 of 1910,72614,86425,59041.9%58.1%16.2%
Pelham1 of 163422485873.9%26.1%-47.8%
Pembroke5 of 54,5025,0479,54947.1%52.9%5.7%
Pepperell3 of 33,2733,0676,34051.6%48.4%-3.2%
Peru1 of 132014246269.3%30.7%-38.5%
Petersham1 of 145035480456.0%44.0%-11.9%
Phillipston1 of 149344693952.5%47.5%-5.0%
Pittsfield14 of 1410,1338,83018,96353.4%46.6%-6.9%
Plainfield1 of 126611037670.7%29.3%-41.5%
Plainville3 of 32,1102,2124,32248.8%51.2%2.4%
Plymouth15 of 1514,06715,34129,40847.8%52.2%4.3%
Plympton1 of 19038021,70553.0%47.0%-5.9%
Princeton1 of 11,2779812,25856.6%43.4%-13.1%
Provincetown1 of 11,8025002,30278.3%21.7%-56.6%
Quincy30 of 3017,10220,17737,27945.9%54.1%8.2%
Randolph12 of 125,0908,87213,96236.5%63.5%27.1%
Raynham6 of 62,9303,7976,72743.6%56.4%12.9%
Reading8 of 86,5997,34113,94047.3%52.7%5.3%
Rehoboth3 of 32,9483,1216,06948.6%51.4%2.9%
Revere21 of 216,1088,90515,01340.7%59.3%18.6%
Richmond1 of 156530587064.9%35.1%-29.9%
Rochester1 of 11,4961,5133,00949.7%50.3%0.6%
Rockland6 of 63,7094,7358,44443.9%56.1%12.2%
Rockport3 of 32,6501,9534,60357.6%42.4%-15.1%
Rowe1 of 11448723162.3%37.7%-24.7%
Rowley1 of 11,8761,6243,50053.6%46.4%-7.2%
Royalston2 of 240525566061.4%38.6%-22.7%
Russell1 of 140638278851.5%48.5%-3.0%
Rutland3 of 32,0252,3574,38246.2%53.8%7.6%
Salem14 of 149,5339,35818,89150.5%49.5%-0.9%
Salisbury3 of 32,2401,9124,15253.9%46.1%-7.9%
Sandisfield1 of 131013544569.7%30.3%-39.3%
Sandwich6 of 65,7536,36012,11347.5%52.5%5.0%
Saugus10 of 105,6907,54813,23843.0%57.0%14.0%
Savoy1 of 123211835066.3%33.7%-32.6%
Scituate6 of 65,2615,79711,05847.6%52.4%4.8%
Seekonk4 of 43,3803,6186,99848.3%51.7%3.4%
Sharon5 of 56,0824,05610,13860.0%40.0%-20.0%
Sheffield1 of 11,1406271,76764.5%35.5%-29.0%
Shelburne1 of 17733261,09970.3%29.7%-40.7%
Sherborn1 of 11,5701,0192,58960.6%39.4%-21.3%
Shirley1 of 11,5771,4773,05451.6%48.4%-3.3%
Shrewsbury10 of 107,9369,45217,38845.6%54.4%8.7%
Shutesbury1 of 19812421,22380.2%19.8%-60.4%
Somerset5 of 53,9335,6009,53341.3%58.7%17.5%
Somerville21 of 2121,21011,90433,11464.1%35.9%-28.1%
Southampton1 of 11,8221,6133,43553.0%47.0%-6.1%
Southborough3 of 33,1072,5625,66954.8%45.2%-9.6%
Southbridge5 of 52,1954,0186,21335.3%64.7%29.3%
South Hadley5 of 54,1814,3528,53349.0%51.0%2.0%
Southwick3 of 32,2612,4594,72047.9%52.1%4.2%
Spencer4 of 42,3503,0755,42543.3%56.7%13.4%
Springfield64 of 6416,63531,55448,18934.5%65.5%31.0%
Sterling2 of 22,2662,3974,66348.6%51.4%2.8%
Stockbridge1 of 17873511,13869.2%30.8%-38.3%
Stoneham7 of 75,2146,72211,93643.7%56.3%12.6%
Stoughton8 of 85,8187,57413,39243.4%56.6%13.1%
Stow2 of 22,3511,7464,09757.4%42.6%-14.8%
Sturbridge3 of 32,3562,7945,15045.7%54.3%8.5%
Sudbury6 of 65,9924,23910,23158.6%41.4%-17.1%
Sunderland1 of 11,1506801,83062.8%37.2%-25.7%
Sutton3 of 32,4892,7115,20047.9%52.1%4.3%
Swampscott6 of 64,2723,6917,96353.6%46.4%-7.3%
Swansea5 of 53,3254,3527,67743.3%56.7%13.4%
Taunton16 of 168,83912,74021,57941.0%59.0%18.1%
Templeton3 of 31,5732,1273,70042.5%57.5%15.0%
Tewksbury8 of 87,0268,60915,63544.9%55.1%10.1%
Tisbury1 of 11,5988302,42865.8%34.2%-31.6%
Tolland1 of 115211726956.5%43.5%-13.0%
Topsfield1 of 11,9911,9093,90051.1%48.9%-2.1%
Townsend3 of 32,4752,2924,76751.9%48.1%-3.8%
Truro1 of 19874441,43169.0%31.0%-37.9%
Tyngsborough4 of 42,9063,1646,07047.9%52.1%4.3%
Tyringham1 of 115010225259.5%40.5%-19.0%
Upton2 of 22,2171,9294,14653.5%46.5%-6.9%
Uxbridge4 of 43,1513,8517,00245.0%55.0%10.0%
Wakefield7 of 76,1367,75513,89144.2%55.8%11.7%
Wales1 of 150939089956.6%43.4%-13.2%
Walpole8 of 86,0897,60613,69544.5%55.5%11.1%
Waltham18 of 1811,28412,32323,60747.8%52.2%4.4%
Ware3 of 31,9242,2094,13346.6%53.4%6.9%
Wareham6 of 65,0265,55710,58347.5%52.5%5.0%
Warren2 of 21,0421,1662,20847.2%52.8%5.6%
Warwick1 of 127816143963.3%36.7%-26.7%
Washington1 of 12149430869.5%30.5%-39.0%
Watertown12 of 128,8217,08015,90155.5%44.5%-10.9%
Wayland4 of 44,9403,0597,99961.8%38.2%-23.5%
Webster5 of 52,7483,6716,41942.8%57.2%14.4%
Wellesley8 of 87,8476,07713,92456.4%43.6%-12.7%
Wellfleet1 of 11,4887032,19167.9%32.1%-35.8%
Wendell1 of 143410754180.2%19.8%-60.4%
Wenham1 of 11,2151,0932,30852.6%47.4%-5.3%
Westborough5 of 54,4354,2168,65151.3%48.7%-2.5%
West Boylston2 of 21,7752,2784,05343.8%56.2%12.4%
West Bridgewater2 of 21,8192,0363,85547.2%52.8%5.6%
West Brookfield1 of 19649541,91850.3%49.7%-0.5%
Westfield12 of 127,6689,58117,24944.5%55.5%11.1%
Westford6 of 66,4396,16212,60151.1%48.9%-2.2%
Westhampton1 of 16573831,04063.2%36.8%-26.3%
Westminster2 of 21,9482,1854,13347.1%52.9%5.7%
West Newbury1 of 11,5391,1652,70456.9%43.1%-13.8%
Weston4 of 43,8982,4926,39061.0%39.0%-22.0%
Westport5 of 53,8694,2348,10347.7%52.3%4.5%
West Springfield8 of 84,5146,52811,04240.9%59.1%18.2%
West Stockbridge1 of 164121485575.0%25.0%-49.9%
West Tisbury1 of 11,4594671,92675.8%24.2%-51.5%
Westwood4 of 44,1224,5188,64047.7%52.3%4.6%
Weymouth18 of 1811,88615,24927,13543.8%56.2%12.4%
Whately1 of 159634193763.6%36.4%-27.2%
Whitman4 of 43,2204,0907,31044.0%56.0%11.9%
Wilbraham4 of 43,3324,5177,84942.5%57.5%15.1%
Williamsburg1 of 11,1444351,57972.5%27.5%-44.9%
Williamstown3 of 32,5521,0693,62170.5%29.5%-41.0%
Wilmington6 of 65,5596,55912,11845.9%54.1%8.3%
Winchendon4 of 41,8602,1674,02746.2%53.8%7.6%
Winchester8 of 86,5065,80412,31052.9%47.1%-5.7%
Windsor1 of 136614551171.6%28.4%-43.2%
Winthrop6 of 64,0964,3908,48648.3%51.7%3.5%
Woburn14 of 147,88610,46218,34843.0%57.0%14.0%
Worcester50 of 5022,10031,46353,56341.3%58.7%17.5%
Worthington1 of 149021970969.1%30.9%-38.2%
Wrentham3 of 32,9633,2226,18547.9%52.1%4.2%
Yarmouth7 of 76,2117,10413,31546.6%53.4%6.7%
Total2,171 of 2,1721,453,7421,516,5842,970,32648.9%51.1%2.1%